As you have no doubt noticed by now, shooting the moon is rather problematic, especially with a compact camera. The problem is quite simple: the moon is extraordinarily bright relative to the night sky / landscape. We usually counter this by taking one shot of the moon with the light meter focused on it, and one shot of the whole thing before combining the two. It helps enormously to use a tripod.
Your camera has increased its ISO sensitivity beyond what I would consider an acceptable level (very grainy sky) in order to capture the foreground and has also burnt out the moon leaving just a white disc. In the future, prop your camera against something and use the timer. Force the ISO not to exceed 400. Take two shots, one metered on the moon (there is something called spot metering, as opposed to evaluative or centre-weighted, but you'll have to read the manual), the other as standard. You then superimpose one on the other. Hope this helps.
It is, as Stefan says, a very difficult subject. I tried several nights to shoot the full moon, with very poor results.
Although this shot lacks detail in the moon itself, it makes up for it in atmosphere.
I agree -- there are wonderfully detailed photos of the moon, but the atmosphere (no pun intended) is very good here! I'm curious -- it seems there's a halo around the moon (unless that's just from the light) -- if there was a halo, did it rain the next day?