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La Magnifica Comunità di Aquileia

2011.11.17
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This was the most elegant hotel I stayed in during the trip in the town of Monfalcone, Italy, near Aquileia.
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From my own balcony.
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Monfalcone's quiet residential area.
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Arriving in Aquileia, a place, a name of which kept popping up in my readings about Roman and Medieval history. So finally I made it here in person! What a thrill!
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Aquileia was founded as a colony by the Romans in 180/181 BC along the Natissa River, on land south of the Julian Alps but about 8 miles north of the lagoons. The colony served as a frontier fortress at the north-east corner of transpadane Italy and was intended to protect the Veneti, faithful Roman allies, during the Illyrian Wars and act as a buttress to check the advance of other warlike people, such as the hostile Carni and Histri tribes. In fact, Aquileia was founded on a site not far from where Gaulish invaders had attempted to settle in 183 BC.
The colony was established with Latin rights by the triumvirate of Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica, Caius Flaminius, and Lucius Manlius Acidinus, two of whom were of consular and one of praetorian rank. They led 3,000 pedites (infantry), mainly from Samnium, who with their families formed the bulk of the settlers and were soon supplemented by native Veneti. It is likely that Aquileia had been a center of Venetia even before the coming of the Romans. And Aquileia's strategic military position also served to promote the Venetic trade in amber imported from the Baltic.
Aquileia was connected by road with Bologna probably in 173 BC; and subsequently with Genoa in 148 BC by the Via Postumia, which ran through Cremona, Bedriacum and Altinum.
In 169 BC, 1,500 more Latin colonists with their families were settled in the town as a reinforcement to the garrison.
The original Latin colony became a municipium probably in 90 BC. Citizens were ascribed to the Roman tribe Velina. The customs boundary of Italy was close by in Cicero's day. It was plundered by the Iapydes under Augustus, but, in the period of peace which followed, was able to develop its resources. Augustus visited it during the Pannonian wars in 12‑10 BC and it was the birthplace of Tiberius' son by Julia, in the latter year.
Besides natives of Italy, Celts, Illyrians, Greeks, Egyptians, Jews, and Syrians all settled in the city and contributed to its commercial development. Jewish artisans established a flourishing trade in glasswork.
When in 168 Marcus Aurelius made Aquileia the principal fortress of the empire against the barbarians of the North and East, it rose to the pinnacle of its greatness and soon had a population of 100,000.
During the 4th century, Aquileia maintained its importance. Constantine sojourned there on numerous occasions. It became a naval station and the seat of the Corrector Venetiarum et Histriae; a mint was established, of which the coins were very numerous, and the bishop obtained the rank of metropolitan archbishop. A council held in the city in 381 was only the first of a series of Councils of Aquileia that have been convened over the centuries.
An imperial palace was constructed here, in which the emperors after the time of Diocletian frequently resided; and the city often played a part in the struggles between the rulers of the 4th century. In 340, Emperor Constantine II was killed under its walls while attempting to take the city from his younger brother Constans.
Source: Wikipedia
6 Comments
darfoster Another fabulous set! My favorite is #11!
darfoster · 2011-11-18: 10:40
MoMac Very interesting set I like the sculptures in the ruins , glad you did a close-up of one.
I wonder if you visited the artisan's glasswork you mentioned ?
MoMac · 2011-11-18: 11:51
evajuhaszne Hű,de szép felvételek! Ágikám, Te meg mohamedán lettél...?,?
evajuhaszne · 2011-11-18: 13:06
danrav Thanks for the great history lesson and the equally great shots!!!! Hey, nice profile pic!
danrav · 2011-11-18: 13:49
Yves51 wonderful pics i like 12 and 18 very much...
Yves51 · 2011-11-18: 17:00
honzicek Very nice set!
honzicek · 2011-11-19: 20:33
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