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Basilica of Aquileia (2) Cripta Degli Affreschi E Mosaici

2011.11.19
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According to Wikipedia, Aquileia used to be the ninth among the great cities of the world, placing Rome, Mediolanum, Constantinople, Carthage, Antioch, Alexandria, Trier, and Capua before it. However, such prominence made it a target and it was besieged by Alaric and the Visigoths in 401, during which time some of its residents fled to the nearby lagoons. It was again unsuccessfully attacked in 408 by Attila, who returned in 452. During this second invasion, the city was so utterly destroyed by Attila and his Huns that it was afterwards hard to recognize its original site. the fall of Aquileia was the first of Attila's incursions into Roman territory, followed by cities like Mediolanum and Ticinum.[2] The Roman inhabitants, together with those of smaller towns in the neighborhood, fled en masse to the lagoons, and so laid the foundations of the cities of Venice and nearby Grado.
Yet Aquileia would rise again, though much diminished, and continue to exist until the Lombard invasion of 568. It was once more destroyed (590) by the Lombards. Meanwhile, the patriarch fled to the island town of Grado, which was under the protection of the Byzantines. When the patriarch residing in Grado was reconciled with Rome in 606, those continuing in the Schism of the Three Chapters, rejecting the Second Council of Constantinople, elected a patriarch at Aquileia. Thus, the diocese was essentially divided into two parts, with the mainland patriarchate of Aquileia under the protection of the Lombards, and the insular patriarchate of Aquileia seated in Grado being protected by the exarchate of Ravenna and later the Doges of Venice, with the collusion of the Lombards. The line of the patriarchs elected in Aquileia would continue in schism until 699. However, although they kept the title of patriarch of Aquileia, they moved their residence first to Cormons and later to Cividale, which we visit tomorrow.
9 Comments
deandrade Wonderful set. The expressions of the faces in the mosaics are incredible. You must be happy that they let you take pictures inside the church :-)
deandrade · 2011-11-19: 12:27
darfoster You can really see the age of this place in the first few shots and the mosaics are amazing also! Just imagine setting all those little mosaic tiles! Quite the job!!!!!
darfoster · 2011-11-19: 12:53
danrav What a history!!!!!! What visitors in the past!!! The art work is fantastic. Those mosaics are amazing!!! Yet - I am drawn to #8 and I have faved it! Thanks Agnes!
danrav · 2011-11-19: 16:22
Yves51 very nice place well done
Yves51 · 2011-11-19: 16:34
jennyLit so amazing how things were built in the past! the pillars look like they have faces in #1
jennyLit · 2011-11-19: 17:01
MoMac fantastic set
MoMac · 2011-11-19: 17:36
jlmphotos Truly amazing colors, and architecture. You are extremely lucky to have the opportunity to see, and photograph these amazing sights.
J
jlmphotos · 2011-11-19: 18:11
honzicek Great details!
honzicek · 2011-11-19: 20:28
Shaparak I love these paintings made by colored stone!
Shaparak · 2011-11-19: 23:28
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