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The more virtual the more real: Reality enhanced in the past, present and future

2011.11.25
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The more virtual the more real: Reality enhanced in the past, present and future

In James Cameron's "Terminator" series, vncemjaf Arnold Schwarzenegger plays a super-high-tech future of robots with the ability: ugg boots sale built-in chip inside the eye scans a person, you can call up real-time "eyes" this person's information, and quickly analyze whether the person in front of people looking for him. When I was elementary school students home in time to see this scene, just "see" a person, a car or a building, you can display information on these things, think this is really cool. So, the next to achieve this technology? With the thought of the film increases, more and more I find there have been similar yard chip shot, such as the early "machine-Men," "Total Recall", the nineties of last century's "Minority Report", also have in recent years, the favorite of the "WALL", "Iron Man" (I, II) and "Avatar", have appeared in such technology. Is also a film director James Cameron "Avatar" is still used twenty years ago in his "Terminator" in the used technology. Science fiction film provides us good imagination, but in real life, in fact, this technology has been there.

In February 2009, from the MIT Media Lab PhD candidate Pulanafu (Pranav Mistry) in the TED Conference demonstrate that he and his team invented the technology: the body carrying a computer, wearing a projector and cameras, thumb and index finger of both hands at right angles close to a rectangle, facing the front of a building framing - as you use the iPhone camera, like - and then this building information (height, building materials, construction year , building names, etc.) then displayed. Pulanafu this equipment to take him a cool name: "The Sixth Sense" (SixthSense). Through this "sixth sense" device, Pulanafu like "Terminator" Arnold, like in the establishment of the real world and the link between the virtual world. Pulanafu chest miniature camera and projector can read the information in front of the boy, and directly projected in the other T-shirt. In fact, Pulanafu invention of the "Sixth Sense" Technology has a professional term: Enhanced Reality (Augmented Reality), as early as the 1970s, art had appeared in the real space, the phenomenon of virtual content superimposed . Prototype of its technology can be traced back even the late 1950s, photographer Morton Heilig (Morton Heilig) invented a set of visual, sound, movement and smell the simulator, he registered the patent for this simulator and named Sensorama. It uses a multi-sensing technology, is the first prototype of three-dimensional film. Since 2002, there are some reality has begun to put into practical application of enhancement technology, because the Internet is still not as widespread, the technology did not become popular. However, Steve Ditlea in the United States, "Popular Science" (Popular Science) magazine, has already made a bold prediction to enhance reality: "Whether you believe it or not, this will be the future of portable computer the killer application on the (killer app). The technology is called Enhanced reality (augmented reality), it will change the way we view the world, but there's still a short way to go ... "

This short distance has to go half. In sports television, the reality has been enhanced to use. Football game, when the striker offside, when television stations tend to play slow-motion, slow motion of the lens in a straight line to draw - pass in the offensive player of the moment, one draw the last defender of the other location The bottom line parallel to the line, if the referee is correct, the offensive player's body will cross this line. - On the front of the television audience, is it offside at a glance. Football game televised in the United States, this technology has been widely used. China's NBA fans are very familiar with this picture, a few years ago has begun to draw television tactical path. iPhone first appeared on the reality to enhance the application is Layar, Layar use the phone built-in GPS of the information collected in the vicinity such as restaurants or hotels, loaded on the phone screen to overlay images and information displayed to the user. When you align a mobile buildings, Layar will tell you what this building high-rise in recruitment, or it will automatically search for relevant images on Flickr or Wikipedia search for its history. Commission has formally submitted to the U.S. IPO application review site Yelp, the iPhone App version also introduced called "Monocle" The reality enhancements. Monocle just launched is a hidden feature, you need to start Yelp, after shaking the phone three times to start. Through the iPhone's built-in GPS and compass, you walk into a restaurant before, Monocle can show other people in this restaurant's score and comments. You can also click in the list of other options, select another restaurant you prefer. Is not a bit like an updated version of the public comment? These results were just very simple reality technology to enhance the application of the far more likely scenario is that when you use the phone built-in camera in front of a person, instant access to her / his basic message: micro blog account, "World of Warcraft" in the user name, all net personal home page, e-mail address, personal blog address ... ... Obviously, such a play on the next generation of social networking.

There are some more incredible applications, the U.S. Marine has enhanced the reality technology in the armored turret on the test equipment through the head out of the virtual image projection display "field guide" maintenance staff on how to repair and assembly equipment. The equipment from the Columbia University laboratory graphics and user interface design and manufacturing, called "Enhanced Reality System Auxiliary Service" (Augmented Reality for Maintenance and Repair), now the system has been tested in the U.S. military use. Reality will change the travel books to enhance the industry. Any one person to a new place will suffer a strong thirst for information - this river called? Great army for high-rise design, designer who is? What to do with it? The mountain well, how high, where the road climbed up to more comfortable? There is no better mountain environment of the restaurant ...? At present, access to information is not difficult. Wikipedia, Google will be able to get public comment, but if there is reality enhanced, open GPS, open the camera viewfinder on the line. After the tour book is no longer a Big Raiders manual, it first of all is the electronic version. Content in its electronic version, when a certain place names mentioned in the book when, under the names plus a marked geographic coordinates of "geographic label" (geotag), when you reach your destination, your phone will give you automatically prompts. Yes, perhaps it will give you some consumer discounts. Do not think this is wishful thinking, Lonely Planet has been so dry. Enhanced reality will change the way we shop. When we go to wet markets or supermarkets to buy food, carry a loaded it with information stored throughout an enhanced version of the real sub shop, cook books, the jolly will be very convenient. Corn, radish pork soup tonight wanted to Sam Sun kung pao chicken? You can throw away to-do list, took out his cell phone against the sweeping circle of vegetable stalls, all of the dishes will need to buy auto box on the screen out of the way, it will also tell you stew the ribs do not need 82, enough to buy half a catty.

Enhanced reality will change the media industry. Paper-based media network media is the next evolutionary stage, and enhanced reality technology will also be an evolution of online media. Of media, such action may be: almost all of the news reports have occurred in the physical (involving network coverage has been no traditional sense of "place" a) - If you happen to have all the information together a "geo tag", when a hand-held smart phone users go somewhere, you can see all this in the place of historical events and news - Just imagine, when we went to Tiananmen Square (the old man now it seems that only the field The old lady will go to Tiananmen Square to visit), historical events over the past several hundred years to emerge from your iPhone, this may be news to subvert our past and learn to read the history of the way. In Europe, "Esquire" (Esquire) and "wallpaper" (Wallpaper) has launched an enhanced version of their reality (Augmented Reality Edition) magazine. Rent increase of reality for people who buy a house too convenient. Rent in Beijing some time ago, I was completely through the city and 58 on the iPhone App network links go to the market intermediaries and the landlord, then the notebook looked almost no information - no GPS map is not a true map. Enhanced if combined with reality, which I fancy building, took out his cell phone against it: what rental, house how many square meters; click on a room, you can also see the price, the decoration, the picture, the landlord's contacts, etc.. All location-based services (LSB) of the application has a greater imagination and opportunity. Reality technology is widely used to enhance there are some problems to be solved. Such as the moment, GPS can only be accurate to nine meters, limited range of applications in indoor positioning results would be poor.

Reality may be enhanced more serious privacy issues. Reality with image recognition technology enhancement technology, people can use any phone in front of a stranger, you can read each other's online information, such as micro-blog account number, account number or letter of all micro-network home ... you may be very willing to This information tell your classmates and friends, but you definitely do not want your parents to use mobile phone in front of your gestures, we know you did just what social network. Reality needs to enhance sophisticated image recognition technology, information filtering and screening capabilities have higher demands. Enhanced greatly reduced because the reality of the physical world and the virtual world of distance, how to make traditional industries who understand, accept and use, will be the biggest problem. Perhaps the bigger problem is how to avoid the harassment of spam? Reality of the physical world to enhance greatly expanded information display space, while those posted in the streets around the small leather moss breast aphrodisiac smell of people advertising opportunities this technology, they will certainly sharpened the moss stuffed leather every inch of space. Especially in China.
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