The summit is shaped in the form of an elliptical stepped plateau of about one and a half hectares, with a gradual slope along the long axis of the ellipse. This sloping contour is part natural and part man-made. The entire summit was surrounded by a stout brick wall built to the very edge of the rock, the footings of which are still clearly visible today. This wall offered protection from high winds and monsoonal rain. Painted white like the rest of the rock, it looked to a person standing below as though it was an extension of the rock itself.
The palace was a collection of open and airy buildings and pavilions set amongst luscious tropical gardens and ponds.
Given the susceptibility to high winds, the buildings were relatively squat, solidly built, single-story structures with low-profile roofs.
Rainwater runoff was carefully harvested and stored in large reservoirs and ponds on the summit. Excess runoff was channeled into a tank below the rock. When required, an army of water-carriers were employed to transport water up to the summit. The complex divides into three distinct sections: the Upper Palace area, occupying the high northwestern section; the Lower Palace area, occupying the lower northeastern part of the summit; and the Gardens to the south. The three sectors converged on a large rock-cut pool. A walkway paved with marble runs down the center of the complex. Limestone and quartz blocks were used for paving the stairways and passages throughout. Their light color and luminosity complemented the vivid white walls. They were said to glow in the moonlight