Historic City Center in Győr, Hungary

by Agnes Felber December. 04, 2013 3382 views

Győr ( German: Raab, Slovak: Ráb, is halfway between Budapest and Vienna. It is situated on one of the important roads of Central Europe. The city is the sixth largest in Hungary.
The area along the Danube River has been inhabited by varying cultures since ancient times. The first large settlement dates back to the 5th century BCE; the inhabitants were Celts. They called the town Arrabona, a name that was used for eight centuries; its shortened form is still used as the German (Raab) and Slovak (Ráb) names of the city.
Roman merchants moved to Arrabona during the 1st century BCE. Around 10 CE, the Roman army occupied the northern part of Western Hungary, which they called Pannonia. Although the Roman Empire abandoned the area in the 4th century due to constant attacks by the tribes living to the east, the town remained inhabited.
Around 500 the territory was settled by Slavs, in 547 by the Lombards, and in 568-c.800 by the Avars, at that time under Frankish and Slavic influence. Between 880 and 894, it was part of Great Moravia, and then briefly under East Frankish dominance.
The Magyars (Hungarians) occupied the town around 900 and fortified the abandoned Roman fortress. Stephen I, the first king of Hungary, founded an episcopate there. The town received its Hungarian name Győr. The town was affected by all the trials and tribulations of the history of Hungary: it was occupied by Mongols during the Mongol invasion of Hungary (1241–1242) and then was destroyed by the Czech army in 1271.
During the Ottoman occupation of present-day central and eastern Hungary (1541 - late 17th century), Győr's commander Kristóf Lamberg thought it would be futile to try to defend the town from the Turkish army. He burned down the town and the Turkish forces found nothing but blackened ruins, hence the Turkish name for Győr, Yanık kale (“burnt city”).
During the following centuries, the town became prosperous. In 1743 Győr was elevated to free royal town status by Maria Theresa. The religious orders of Jesuits and Carmelites settled there, building schools, churches, a hospital and a monastery.
In June 14, 1809, this was the site of the Battle of Győr (Battle of Raab), where the Grand Armee of Napoleon defeated the Hungarian noble rebels and Austrian corps. Napoleon occupied the castle and had some of its walls blown up. The leaders of the town soon realized that the old ramparts were not useful any more. Most of the ramparts were destroyed, allowing the town to expand.

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Zajä…C 6 years, 10 months ago

#16!

6 years, 10 months ago Edited
Dan Ravasio 6 years, 10 months ago

#2 is my favorite.... nince work Agnes...

6 years, 10 months ago Edited
Juhã¡Szn㩠ÉVa 6 years, 10 months ago

Ágika ,Te bejártad az egész országot és közép Európát most a nyár végén és ősszel... hogy bírtad fizikailag is..?

6 years, 10 months ago Edited
Darlene Foster 6 years, 10 months ago

Wonderful shots of this stunning town.

6 years, 10 months ago Edited
Tomie Poodle 6 years, 10 months ago

Beautiful town! and no crowd in the street...Different from Rajasthan :))

6 years, 10 months ago Edited
Gonia 6 years, 10 months ago

beautifull pictures! and what a place!

6 years, 10 months ago Edited
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