Postcards from Patak

by Agnes Felber October. 25, 2014 2858 views

Sárospatak (English rough translation: Muddy Stream) is a town in northern Hungary. The town, often called simply Patak, is an important cultural centre.
The area has been inhabited since ancient times. Sárospatak was granted town status in 1201 by King Emeric. In the Middle Ages it was an important place due to its proximity to an important trade route leading to Poland. Its castle, built by Andrew II, is traditionally identified as the birthplace of his daughter Saint Elizabeth.

Sárospatak was elevated to the rank of free royal town by King Sigismund. In 1460, during the reign of King Matthias it received the right to hold a market. In 1575 a plague killed many of the inhabitants.

The Reformation began spreading into Hungary from this area. The first Protestant college, one of the most important colleges of Hungary at the time, was founded in Sárospatak in 1531. In 1650 Zsuzsanna Lorántffy, widow of George I Rákóczi prince of Transylvania invited the famous Czech educator Jan Comenius to Sárospatak. Comenius lived there until 1654, as a professor of the college, and he wrote some of his most important works there.

The owners of the castle of Sárospatak include many important individuals in Hungarian history. In the 16th century it was owned by the Dobó family. Bálint Balassi, the most important Hungarian poet of the century married Krisztina Dobó at the castle; the bride was the daughter of István Dobó, who defended the castle of Eger against the Ottoman Turks.
Later the castle was owned by the Rákóczi family. The residents of the town took an active part in the revolution against Habsburg rule led by Francis II Rákóczi.

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Dan Ravasio 5 years, 12 months ago

Love #3!

5 years, 12 months ago Edited
Paolo Martini 5 years, 12 months ago

Molto belle ... Ciao Agnes !!!

5 years, 12 months ago Edited
Xabolcs 5 years, 12 months ago

Patakon jártál?
...hogy nem futottunk össze, aznap én is benn voltam a városban...

5 years, 12 months ago Edited
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