This famous painting by Caravaggio during Baroque period is a perfect example of chiarascuro, a strong differentiation between light and dark, or as we filmmakers might say "hard lighting", or "direct lighting". Caravaggio embellishes the light source to make only the subjects/objects he wants you to see (the fingers pointing at St. Matthew, his face) stand out, as a great example of directional lighting, at least in a painting. This could probably never be achieved on a film set with one light, but the painting really tricks you into making you believe it's possible. This heavy use of directional lighting glorified certain moments in the bible as most paintings during this period sought to do.
The Calling of St. Matthew, (Caravaggio,1600)
by Chase Kekai November. 16, 2016 183 views