I don't know, how well known Reinhold Messner in other countries is, but in Germany he is very famous and I don't know anybody in my circle of friends, who has never heard of him. Even me heard about him since my youth, and I'm, what we call in german, a typical 'Flachland Tiroler'. Literally: flatland tyrolean = people, born and grown up in the north of germany, where it is soooo flat, that you can see already on wednesday, who comes for a visit on sunday.
For those, who never heard about Reinhold Messner, he is a famous mountaineer and explorer, born 1944 in Bressanone, Italy. He became the first man on globe, who conquered an eight thousand meter high mountain alone (Nanga Parbat 1978). Also in 1978, he and the mountaineer Peter Habeler, were the first humans, who climbed the Mount Everest without the aid of oxygen tanks. He is also the first person, who climbed all 14 peaks on earth above 8.000 metres (26.000 feet).
In 1970 he lost his brother while climbing together the Nanga Parbat, he himself lost six toes to frostbite.
He crossed the Antarctica on skis...and when he was 60 years old, he crossed the Gobi desert (2000km = 1242 miles)! By foot... !!
He is really what I call a 'freak' - and I say that, with my greatest respect!
If you are interested, there are several articles about him in the www and he himself wrote about 50 books about his adventures.
In recent years, he set up the MMM - MessnerMountainMuseums in South-Tyrol (IT). All together, this are 6 museums in 6 different places in South-Tyrol, all of them document the culture and history of high-altitude areas. I lateley visited one of them, the MMM Corones.
It's located on the summit plateau of Kronplatz (2.275 m = 7464 feet). Inside the museum, it's not allowed to take photos, what I respected, but anyway, I was more interested in the really stunning architecture of that museum. The architect was Dame Zaha Mohammad Hadid, an Iraqi-British architect (died in 2016).
Most parts of the building are underground, outside you only see the entrance and three gigantic windows, from which you look into the three different directions, southwest to the peak of the Peitlerkofel mountain, in the second, south toward the Heiligkreuzkofel peak, and the third (with a platform) face west to the Ortler and South Tyrol.
Unfortunately we had very unstable weather when we were up there, but isn't that a good reason to come back one day?