Floating Tram in Wuppertal
The Floating Tram in Wuppertal (Germany) is the oldest elevated railway in the world. The railway with elevated stations was built in Barmen, Elberfeld and Vohwinkel between 1897 and 1903. The first track opened in 1901. The Floating Tram (Schwebebahn) is still in use today as normal means of local public transport, moving 25 million passengers annually (2008).
The suspension railway travels along a route of 13.3 kilometres, at a height of about 12 metres (39 ft 4 in) above the river Wupper between Oberbarmen and Sonnborner Straße (10 km) and about 8 m above the valley-street between Sonnborner Straße and Vohwinkel (3.3 km). The entire trip takes about 30 minutes.
Around 19.200 tonnes of steel were worked to produce the supporting frame and the train stops. The construction cost 16 million „Goldmark". Since its first opening, the railway has closed once due to severe damage from World War II, but managed to open as early as 1946
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