Un ciclón - A cyclone

by Rabino Kuerbovich August. 21, 2020 985 views
casas dañadas por Iván en Fenenerive Este // houses dammaged by Ivan in Fenenerive East

casas dañadas por Iván en Fenenerive Este // houses dammaged by Ivan in Fenenerive East

El ciclón tropical Iván, con ráfagas de viento de 230 kilómetros por hora, (categoría 4 en la escala Saffir-Simpson) tocó tierra en Madagascar los días 17 y 18 de febrero de 2008. El ciclón causó grandes daños en la isla turística de Sainte-Marie, así como en las 14 regiones y 44 zonas del noreste y noroeste del continente. Murieron 93 personas y 332.391 personas resultaron afectadas, entre ellas 191.182 personas desplazadas. Fuente: https://reliefweb.int/disaster/tc-2008-000023-mdg

Tropical Cyclone Ivan, with wind gusts of 230 kilometer per hour, (category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale) made landfall in Madagascar on 17 and 18 Feb 2008. The cyclone caused extensive damage on the touristic island of Sainte-Marie as well as in the 14 regions and 44 zones in the north-east and north-west of the mainland. 93 people were killed, and 332,391 people were affected amongst whom 191,182 people were displaced. Source: https://reliefweb.int/disaster/tc-2008-000023-mdg

Ivan hitting Madagascar, thanks to NASA! https://lance.modaps.eosdis.nasa.gov/gallery/?2008047-0216/Ivan.A2008047.0645.500m.jpg

Ivan hitting Madagascar, thanks to NASA! https://lance.modaps.eosdis.nasa.gov/gallery/?2008047-0216/Ivan.A2008047.0645.500m.jpg

Pueblo de Antanambé, tras el paso de Iván // Village of Antananbé, after Ivan

Pueblo de Antanambé, tras el paso de Iván // Village of Antananbé, after Ivan

En Antanambé, se informó de un aumento del 50% en el precio del arroz (principal alimento básico), debido a la escasez: El 78% de los campos de cultivo se perdieron y el transbordador que une la zona con la carretera principal quedó inoperante como resultado de los fuertes vientos y la marea.

In Antanambé, it was reported a price increase of 50% in the rice (main staple food), due to the short supply: 78% of the crop fields were lost and the ferry boat which links the area to the main road was inoperative as result of the strong winds and tide.

pueblo en Fenenerive Est tras el paso de Iván // village in Fenenerive Est after Ivan

pueblo en Fenenerive Est tras el paso de Iván // village in Fenenerive Est after Ivan

Se estimó que Ivan causó daños o destruyó los hogares de 312,000 personas

It was estimated that Ivan damaged or destroyed the homes of another 132,000 people

Árboles de clavo (especia) destruídos en Vavatenina; el 90% de la población depende del cultivo de clavo // Clove trees destroyed in Vavatenina district; 90% of the population depends on cloves farming

Árboles de clavo (especia) destruídos en Vavatenina; el 90% de la población depende del cultivo de clavo // Clove trees destroyed in Vavatenina district; 90% of the population depends on cloves farming

manglar arrasado por Iván; en los manglares infinidad de especies de peces y crustáceos crecen protegidos hasta llegar a la edad adulta, cuando van al mar abierto // mangrove forest razed by Ivan; in the mangroves many species of fish and crustaceans grow protected until they reach adulthood

manglar arrasado por Iván; en los manglares infinidad de especies de peces y crustáceos crecen protegidos hasta llegar a la edad adulta, cuando van al mar abierto // mangrove forest razed by Ivan; in the mangroves many species of fish and crustaceans grow protected until they reach adulthood

Además de los efectos de los vientos, otro importante efecto negativo del ciclón ha sido las fuertes lluvias que crearon inundaciones en muchas partes del país. En función del distrito, entre 70% y 100% de los cultivos fueron afectados

Besides the effects of the winds, another important negative effect of the cyclone has been the heavy rains which created floods in many parts of the country. Depending on the district, between 70% to 100% of the crop fields were damaged

campos de arroz inundados en Ambohijananarany, lago Aloetra // rice fields flooded in Ambohijananarany, lale Aloetra

campos de arroz inundados en Ambohijananarany, lago Aloetra // rice fields flooded in Ambohijananarany, lale Aloetra

Los sistemas de alerta temprana (incluido Meteo France) pronosticaron la llegada del brazo exterior del ciclón en la noche del 17 al 18 de febrero. Sin embargo, a pesar de que el sistema de alerta funcionó y las comunidades fueron advertidas, el ciclón tomó a la población por sorpresa.

Early warning systems (including Meteo France) forecasted the arrival of the outer arm of the cyclone on the night of 17 to 18 February. However, despite the warning system worked out and the communities were warned, the cyclone caught population by surprise.

La costa oriental y nororiental de Madagascar se ve muy afectada por los fuertes vientos y ciclones que se producen durante la temporada de lluvias de noviembre a abril, que son acompañados de graves precipitaciones durante la temporada de lluvias, ejerciendo una gran presión sobre los sistemas fluviales. El país ha sufrido un promedio de 1,3 grandes desastres cada año desde 1968, siendo las tormentas de viento las más frecuentes (35 eventos en el período 1968 - 2006).

La ocurrencia e intensidad de catástrofes naturales como ciclones e inundaciones es inevitable. Pero el número de víctimas y los daños sobre cultivos e infraestructuras se pueden reducir muchísimo con preparación. Uno de los casos paradigmáticos de excelente gestión de preparación para catástrofes es Cuba, país continuamente afectado por huracanes que, sin embargo, apenas causan víctimas mortales ni afectan infraestructuras esenciales. Para más detalles: https://www.medicc.org/resources/documents/medicc-review-disaster-management.pdf

The eastern and north-eastern coast of Madagascar is heavily affected by strong winds and cyclones during the November-April rainy season, which are accompanied by heavy rainfall during the rainy season, putting great pressure on river systems. The country has suffered an average of 1.3 major disasters each year since 1968, with windstorms being the most frequent (35 events in the period 1968 - 2006).

The occurrence and intensity of natural disasters such as cyclones and floods is inevitable. But the number of casualties and damage to crops and infrastructure can be greatly reduced with preparedness. One of the paradigmatic cases of excellent disaster preparedness management is Cuba, a country continuously affected by hurricanes that, however, cause hardly any deaths or affect essential infrastructure. For more details: https://www.medicc.org/resources/documents/medicc-review-disaster-management.pdf

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Buster Bruce 2 months, 1 week ago

Wow! Thanks for sharing- devastating

2 months, 1 week ago Edited
Tsao T-F 2 months, 1 week ago

It's so sad.

2 months, 1 week ago Edited
Rabino Kuerbovich Replied to Tsao T-F 2 months, 1 week ago

Unfortunately, it's the reality of the humblest people in Madagascar. What i did not write here is the cycle of debt that is created afterwards the cyclone: peasants have to borrow money to live, buying seeds (most of the harvest is gone) and to rebuild the houses. There is no banks, so money is borrowed from the few traders, at 20 or 30% interest rates, etc...

2 months, 1 week ago Edited
Tsao T-F Replied to Rabino Kuerbovich 2 months, 1 week ago

The high interest rate is terrible. They have suffered from a bad economic cycle.
Thank you for writing a true story, although this is not a happy story.
You are good at in-depth travel and excellent reporting.newspaper

2 months, 1 week ago Edited
Rabino Kuerbovich Replied to Tsao T-F 2 months, 1 week ago

Thanks a lot for your compliments!

2 months, 1 week ago Edited
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