The Best Lenses for Landscape Photography in 2019 [Updated]

Landscape photography is one of the most popular genres but it can be a daunting prospect figuring out what are the best lenses for landscape photography.

The vast array of lens options can be overwhelming. Which focal length is best? What aperture range should I be looking for? How much money do I need to spend?

If you are in the market to buy a new lens, here are the best lenses you should consider buying.

These recommendations are categorized into 3 sections by camera brand/type.

Best Canon Lenses for Landscape Photography

Canon EF 16-35mm f4 L IS USM (Full-frame)

Type: Ultra-Wide Zoom| Focal length: 16-35mm| Maximum aperture:  1:4:0 | Image stabilizer: Yes | Weather sealed: yes| Minimum focus distance:  0.28m | Filter size: 77mm | Dimensions: 82.6 x 112.8mm | Weight: 615g

A photo of the Canon 16-35mm f4 lens
Canon 16-35mm f4 takes crisp sharp images and has a four-step of image stabilization

This would be our first recommendation. Canon also sells an f2.8 version of this lens, but it’s much more expensive and heavier too. The newer f4 lens also has no less than four stops of image stabilization so you could leave your tripod at home unless you’re planning any long exposures!


Canon EF 11-24mm f4L USM (Full-frame)

Type: Ultra-Wide Zoom| Focal length:  11-24mm | Maximum aperture: f/4 | Image stabilizer: No | Weather sealed: yes| Minimum focus distance:  0.28m | Filter size:  Rear insert-type | Dimensions:  108.0 x 132.0mm | Weight:  1180g

A photo of the Canon EF 11-24mm f4L USM
Canon EF 11-24mm f4L USM Lens

If you want a real wow factor and have really deep pockets, this is a fabulous lens! Getting as wide as 11mm can give amazing results, although it needs to be used with care. The downside? This lens costs twice as much as the 16-35 and weighs a whole kilo more! This is probably a lens for most people to add to their wish list for when they win the lottery!

If all the lenses above are beyond your budget, why not consider a prime lens? They’re generally much smaller and lighter, which is perfect if you’re going to be walking some distance.


Canon EF 20mm f2.8 USM (Full-frame)

Type: Wide-Angle Prime| Focal length:  20mm | Maximum aperture:  1:2.8 | Image stabilizer: No | Weather sealed: no| Minimum focus distance:  0.25m | Filter size:  72mm | Dimensions:  77.5 x 70.6mm | Weight:  405g

The Canon 20mm prime lens is quite small compared to many wide angle zooms

The Canon 20mm prime is a much older design than the zoom lenses but is still an excellent choice. It has a metal mount, for durability, and weighs just 405g. You’ll get excellent results but remember, you’ll need to use sneaker zoom to get closer to your subject!


 

Canon EF 70-200mm f4 L IS II USM (Full-frame)

Type: Telephoto Zoom| Focal length:  70-200mm | Maximum aperture:  f/4 | Image stabilizer: Yes | Weather sealed: yes| Minimum focus distance:  1m | Filter size:  72mm | Dimensions:  Φ80 x 176mm | Weight:  approx. 780g

A photo of Canon 70-200mm f4 IS
Canon 70-200mm f4 IS – one of Canon’s sharpest lenses

One of Canon’s sharpest ever lenses and, in its non-IS version, an absolute bargain! Its image quality is superb, one of the sharpest lenses Canon has ever made, and the lens focuses in a flash. I had the IS model for a decade, bought second hand, and it never failed me. If you’re not bothered about stabilization, go for the cheaper model, but you could also look for a second hand IS model for around the same price. If you buy second-hand from a reputable dealer you really can’t lose. These f4 lenses have all the quality of the Canon f2.8 versions, but they’re half the price, and much smaller and lighter too. The bokeh from the f4 lens isn’t quite as creamy as the f2.8 version, but in the real world, it’s hardly noticeable.


Canon EF 70-300mm f4-5.6 IS II USM (Full-frame)

Type: Telephoto Zoom| Focal length:  70-300mm | Maximum aperture:  f/4-5.6 | Image stabilizer: Yes | Weather sealed: no| Minimum focus distance:  1.2 m | Filter size:  67mm | Dimensions:  Φ80 x 145.5mm | Weight:  approx. 710g

Canon EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6 IS II USM Lens

For those on a budget, it’s worth considering the Canon EF 70-300mm f4-5.6 IS II USM. The extra focal length gives you more reach at the long end and it’s only marginally heavier than the 70-200mm f4 IS. This lens’s autofocus is astonishingly quick, outgunning many of Canon’s professional L lenses. It also has a clever LCD display, showing focus distance, focal length or image stabilizer information. While this lens is intended for use on full frame cameras it’ll work equally well on crop sensor models too. If you regularly shoot wildlife it’s worth considering, as the long end gives you an effective focal length of 480mm on a crop camera.


Sigma 10-20mm F3.5 EX DC HSM (Crop-sensor)

Type: Ultra wide-angle zoom| Focal length:  10-20mm | Maximum aperture:  f3.5 | Image stabilizer: No | Weather sealed: no| Minimum focus distance:  0.24m | Filter size:  ⌀82mm | Dimensions:  ⌀87.3mm×88.2mm | Weight:  520g

Sigma 10-20mm f3.5

I owned the original f4-5.6 version of this lens and it was a gem. Small and light, it slipped into my camera bag easily and gave me the ability to capture wider views. Sigma has updated the model since I owned mine, increasing the maximum aperture to a constant f3.5 – this is particularly handy in low light and you could even try the faster version of the lens for astrophotography.


Canon EF-S 10-18mm f4.5-5.6 IS STM (Crop-sensor)

Type: Ultra-Wide Zoom| Focal length:  10-18mm | Maximum aperture:  1:4.5-5.6 | Image stabilizer: Yes | Weather sealed: no| Minimum focus distance:  0.22m | Filter size:  67mm | Dimensions:  74.6 x 72.0mm | Weight:  240g

A photo of the Canon 10-18mm f4.5-5.6 lens
Canon 10-18mm f4.5-5.6

This may be the least expensive ultrawide zoom for any DSLR but don’t let that fool you! Optically, it produces excellent results and the plastic build makes it super-light. The only minus is the electronic manual focus action (although this is standard on most lenses for mirrorless cameras) which can feel a little less immersive If 18mm isn’t quite long enough for you, don’t forget you can always zoom with your feet.


Canon EF-S 55-250mm f4-5.6 IS STM (Crop-sensor)

Type: Telephoto Zoom| Focal length:  55-250mm | Maximum aperture:  1:4-5.6 | Image stabilizer: Yes | Weather sealed: no| Minimum focus distance:  0.85m | Filter size:  58mm | Dimensions:  70.0 x 111.2mm | Weight:  approx. 375g

A photo of Canon 55-250mm f4-5.6
Canon 55-250mm f4-5.6

Canon has produced several lenses at this focal length over the years. This most recent incarnation is light, competitively priced and very sharp too – what’s not to love? It isn’t weather sealed and won’t work on full frame cameras, but at this price, you really can’t complain.


Best Nikon Lenses for Landscape Photography

Nikon 14-24mm f2.8 G AF-S ED

Type: Ultra-Wide-Angle Zoom| Focal length:  14-24mm | Maximum aperture: f/ 2.8| Image stabilizer: No | Weather sealed: no| Minimum focus distance:  0.28m | Filter size: N/A| Dimensions: approx. 98.0 x 131.5mm | Weight: approx. 1000g

A photo of Nikon's legendary 14-24mm f2.8 zoom
Nikon’s legendary 14-24mm f2.8 zoom

This lens is one of the Nikon ‘trilogy’ of lenses – 14-24, 24-70 and 70-200mm, all at f2.8. It’s crazily sharp, even at its maximum aperture, with no darkening at the corners of the picture (vignetting). However, it is big, heavy, expensive and the curved front element is a magnet for fingerprints. That said, if you want ultimate quality this is your lens.

Who is it for? Nikon Full-frame camera owners


Tamron 15-30mm f2.8 SP Di VC USD

Type: Ultra-Wide-Angle Zoom| Focal length:  15-30mm | Maximum aperture: f/2.8| Image stabilizer: Yes| Weather sealed: yes| Minimum focus distance:  0.28m | Filter size: N/A| Dimensions: 98.4 x 145.0mm | Weight: 1100g

Tamron 15-30mm f2.8 SP Di VC USD lens

Tamron 15-30mm f2.8 SP Di VC USD

If the Nikon 14-24 is too rich for your blood, it’s worth looking at third-party manufacturers. Tamron’s 15-30 gives you almost everything the Nikon can (except one millimeter on the wide end) and for $600 less. It’s very sharp and its image stabilization (VC in Tamron’s terminology) is nothing short of miraculous, allowing you to shoot at much slower shutter speeds than usual.

Who is it for? Nikon Full-frame camera owners


Nikon 70-200mm f4 G ED VR

Type: Telephoto Zoom| Focal length:  70-200mm | Maximum aperture: f/4| Image stabilizer: Yes| Weather sealed: no| Minimum focus distance: 3.28 ft. | Filter size: 67mm| Dimensions: approx. 78.0 x 178.5mm | Weight: 850g

A photo of Nikon 70-200mm f4
Nikon 70-200mm f4

For many years Nikon only produced an f2.8 version of their 70-200mm lens, but that changed in 2012. The f4 version has all the optical quality of its faster brother, but with half the weight and price. For landscape work, the smaller maximum aperture is not critical, as you’ll probably want to shoot with more depth of field. The superb image stabilization (VR) will also allow you to shoot at slower shutter speeds.

Who is it for? Nikon full frame camera owners


Nikon 70-300mm f4.5-5.6E ED VR AF-P

Type: Tele Zoom| Focal length:  70-300mm | Maximum aperture: f/4.5-5.6| Image stabilizer: Yes| Weather sealed: yes| Minimum focus distance: 1.2m | Filter size: 67mm| Dimensions: approx. 80.5 x 146.0mm | Weight: 680g

Nikon 70-300mm f4.5-5.6E ED VR AF-P lens

Nikon 70-300mm f4.5-5.6E ED VR AF-P

As with the Canon equivalent I mentioned earlier, this is lighter and cheaper than the 70-200, while giving you more reach. The trade-off is the slower maximum aperture and unfortunately, its electronic diaphragm (which makes focusing quieter) makes it incompatible with cameras made before about 2007. In my opinion, it’s probably worth looking for a second hand 70-200 unless you feel the extra reach would be helpful to you in other settings.


Nikon 10-24mm f3.5-4.5 G AF-S DX (crop-sensor)

Type: Ultra-Wide-Angle Zoom| Focal length:  10-24mm | Maximum aperture: f/3.5-4.5| Image stabilizer: No| Weather sealed: no| Minimum focus distance: 0.24m | Filter size: 77mm| Dimensions: approx. 82.5 x 87.0mm | Weight: 460g

Nikon 10-24mm f3.5-4.5 G AF-S DX lens

Nikon 10-24mm f3.5-4.5 G AF-S DX

This is a great lens. It’s very sharp and, unlike many super-wide lenses, it suffers very little from lens flare. You may find some lens distortion at the widest end of the lens, but this is easily corrected in Lightroom or Photoshop.

Who is it for? Nikon crop sensor camera owners


Nikon 55-200mm f4-5.6G ED VR II DX AF-S (crop-sensor)

Type: Telephoto Zoom| Focal length: 55-200mm | Maximum aperture:  f/ 4-5.6| Image stabilizer: Yes| Weather sealed: no| Minimum focus distance: 1.1m| Filter size: 52mm| Dimensions: approx. 70.5 x 83.0mm | Weight: 300g

A photo showing Nikon 55-200mm f4-5.6 lens
Nikon 55-200mm f4-5.6

This lens has superb sharpness and image quality, along with stabilization which means you can shoot at much slower speeds than normal. The downsides? There really aren’t many. It has a plastic lens mount (although with modern quality control that’s not a deal breaker) and no full-time manual focus. This means you to flick a switch to engage manual focus – hardly a huge imposition at such a low price!

Who is it for? Nikon crop-sensor camera owners


Best Landscape Lenses for Micro Four Thirds Cameras

All of the lenses I’m recommending for Micro Four Thirds (M4/3) can be used on any body with this format, be it Panasonic or Olympus. This gives M4/3 photographers access to a huge range of lenses.

Olympus 7-14mm f2.8 PRO M.ZUIKO DIGITAL ED

Type: Ultra-Wide-Angle Zoom| Focal length: 7-14mm | Maximum aperture: f/2.8| Image stabilizer: Yes| Weather sealed: yes| Minimum focus distance: 0.2m| Filter size: N/A| Dimensions: approx. 78.9 x 105.8mm | Weight: 534g

A photo showing the front element of the Olympus 7-14mm f2.8
The front element of the Olympus 7-14mm f2.8 is rather bulbous, but it produces gorgeous photos! Photo by Helen Hooker

Olympus 7-14mm f2.8 is my favorite super-wide angle lens for M4/3 format cameras is the.  It’s a superb lens, and one I shoot with regularly. The image sharpness is second to none and it has a clever clutch mechanism to quickly engage manual focus. The front element bulges outwards, in common with many super-wide lenses, but the built-in lens hood gives a little protection.

Who is it for? Micro Four Thirds camera owners


Olympus 9-18mm f4.0-5.6 M.ZUIKO Digital ED

Type: Wide-Angle Zoom| Focal length: 9-18mm | Maximum aperture: f/4.0-5.6| Image stabilizer: No| Weather sealed: no| Minimum focus distance: 0.25m| Filter size: Ø52mm| Dimensions:  Ø56.5 x 49.5mm | Weight: 155g

A photo of the Olympus 9-18mm lens attached to the camera
The Olympus 9-18mm lens is tiny, even when mounted on a camera.

While the last lens is rather pricey, there is a cheaper alternative you might wish to consider. This is a little gem of a lens. Yes, the maximum aperture is slower and you lose a little on the wide end of the lens, but there are benefits. The lens zooms further than the previous lens and it’s positively tiny! At just 155g you’ll barely notice its presence in your camera bag when out hiking.

Who is it for? Micro Four Thirds camera owners


Fujifilm 10-24mm f4 R OIS XF Fujinon

Type: Ultra-wide to standard| Focal length: 10-24mm | Maximum aperture: f4| Image stabilizer: No| Weather sealed: no| Minimum focus distance:Filter size: Ø72mm| Dimensions:  Ø78.0 x 87.0mm | Weight: 410g

A photo of the Fuji 10-24mm f4 lens
Fuji 10-24mm f4

Third party manufacturers have been slower to develop lenses to fit Fuji X Mount cameras so the choice of options is smaller than for other camera types. However, Fuji makes some astonishingly good lenses so there’s no shortage of quality.

Super-wide-angle lenses are in rather short supply for Fuji at the moment, but the Fujifilm 10-24mm f4 R OIS XF Fujinon is an excellent choice. Made with an all-metal body it’s built for heavy-duty use and creates images with no distortion, flare or colored fringing. Even better, it has built-in image stabilization, allowing you to use slower shutter speeds without a tripod.

Who is it for? Fuji X Mount / Micro Four Thirds camera owners


Fujifilm 8-16mm f2.8 XF R LM WR Fujinon

Type: Ultra-wide angle zoom| Focal length: 8-16mm| Maximum aperture: f2.8| Image stabilizer: No| Weather sealed: yes| Minimum focus distance:Filter size: N/A| Dimensions:  Ø88.0 x 121.5mm | Weight: 805g

Fujifilm 8-16mm f2.8 XF R LM WR Fujinon lens

Fujifilm 8-16mm f2.8 XF R LM WR Fujinon

For those with deeper pockets, Fuji has recently announced a faster super-wide angle lens, the Fujifilm 8-16mm f2.8. It’s only available for pre-order at the moment, but no doubt it would be an amazing addition to an arsenal of lenses of any keen Fuji landscape photographer.

Who is it for? Fuji X Mount / Micro Four Thirds camera owners


Sony FE 16-35mm f2.8 G Master

Type: Wide-angle zoom| Focal length: 16-35mm| Maximum aperture: f2.8| Image stabilizer: No| Weather sealed: yes| Minimum focus distance: 0.28 m| Filter size: 82mm| Dimensions: Unknown | Weight: 680g

Sony FE 16-35mm f2.8 G Master lens

Sony FE 16-35mm f2.8 G Master

This could be considered to be the ultimate full-frame super-wide lens, and it’s hard to find a better model for any format of the camera. The downside? The price! If you’re not prepared to compromise on quality or weight, this could be the lens for you.

Sony’s E mount Alpha cameras have taken the mirrorless world by storm in recent years, with their combination of full frame quality in a smaller form factor body. The most widely praised lenses in their range are the G Master lenses, which give ultimate quality. They’re pricey though so I have a cheaper alternative for you too.

Who is it for? Sony E Mount / Micro Four Thirds camera owners


Of course, for many people, Sony G Master lenses are just unattainable. If you feel that way, why not take a look at this cheaper alternative?

Laowa 15mm f2 FE Zero-D

Type: Ultra-wide| Focal length: 15mm| Maximum aperture: f/2| Image stabilizer: No| Weather sealed: no| Minimum focus distance: 15cm| Filter size: 72mm| Dimensions: 77.2 x 82.0 mm| Weight: 500g

Laowa’s 15mm f2 prime lens

Laowa 15mm f2 FE Zero-D is smaller and much cheaper than the Sony lens. It’s a super-sharp prime lens so you’ll need to zoom with your feet instead of the lens. It’s also a manual focus lens. In the past, this would have put a lot of photographers off, but thanks to focus peaking, manual focusing is a breeze on mirrorless cameras!

Who is it for? Sony E Mount / Micro Four Thirds camera owners


Panasonic 35-100mm f2.8 II LUMIX G X VARIO POWER OIS

Type: Telephoto| Focal length: 35-100mm| Maximum aperture:  f/2.8| Image stabilizer: Yes| Weather sealed: yes| Minimum focus distance: 0.85m| Filter size: 58mm| Dimensions: 67.0 x 100.0 mm| Weight: 357g

Panasonic H-HSA35100 F2.8 II ASPH 35-100mm lens
Panasonic H-HSA35100 F2.8 II ASPH 35-100mm

A superb lens which is super sharp and tiny compared to equivalent lenses for full frame cameras. I’ve used the mark 1 version of this lens for a couple of years now, and it’s a wonderful tool. There’s no optical difference between the mark 1 and 2 models, so if you don’t need the mark 2 dual image stabilization or stopless apertures (features mostly aimed at videographers) it would be worth looking for a second-hand mark 1. These can be bought for around half the price of a new mark 2 lens.

Who is it for? Micro Four Thirds camera owners


Panasonic 35-100mm f4-5.6 LUMIX G VARIO ASPH OIS

Type: Telephoto zoom| Focal length: 35-100mm| Maximum aperture:  f/4-5.6 | Image stabilizer: Yes| Weather sealed: no| Minimum focus distance: 90cm| Filter size: 46mm| Dimensions: 55.5 x 50.0mm |  Weight: 135g

A photo of Panasonic 35-100mm f4-5.6 lens
The tiny Panasonic 35-100mm f4-5.6

This is a tiny little lens. While not as fast as its more expensive cousin, it will fit into the smallest corner of your camera bag and, at just 135g, you’ll barely notice it’s there. You’ve got all the zoom range of the more expensive model and it’s very sharp too. If you own one of the smaller micro four-thirds camera bodies, this is a really good choice and it won’t weigh you down in the field.

Who is it for? Micro Four Thirds camera owners


Fujifilm 50-140mm f2.8 WR OIS XF

Type: Telephoto zoom| Focal length: 50-140mm| Maximum aperture:  f/2.8 | Image stabilizer: Yes| Weather sealed: yes| Minimum focus distance:Filter size: ø72mm| Dimensions: ø82.9mm x 175.9mm |  Weight: 995g

A photo of lengthy Fuji 55-140mm f2.8 lens
The Fuji 55-140mm f2.8 is a large lens, but you won’t compromise on quality with it

If you’re after the perfect telephoto lens for your Fuji camera, look no further, although you’ll need fairly deep pockets! With weather sealing and image stabilization, it’s perfect for out in the field. Weighing just over a kilo, it’s pretty hefty for a mirrorless lens, but you may feel this is a worthwhile trade-off.

Who is it for? Fuji X Mount camera owners


Fujifilm 55-200mm f3.5-4.8 R LM OIS XF Fujinon

Type: Telephoto zoom| Focal length: 55-200mm| Maximum aperture:  f3.5-4.8| Image stabilizer: Yes| Weather sealed: no| Minimum focus distance:Filter size: ø62mm| Dimensions: ø75.0mm x 177.0mm |  Weight: 580g

Fujifilm 55-200mm f3.5-4.8 R LM OIS XF Fujinon lens

Fujifilm 55-200mm f3.5-4.8 R LM OIS XF Fujinon lens

If you’d rather not spend as much, or carry as much weight around, you might be better looking at this lens. Aside from the faster aperture, it compares well to its larger brother, although you have to flick a switch to move into manual focus mode.

Who is it for? Fuji X Mount camera owners


Sony FE 70-200mm f2.8 G Master

Type: Telephoto zoom| Focal length: 70-200mm| Maximum aperture:  f2.8| Image stabilizer: Yes| Weather sealed: yes| Minimum focus distance: 0.96m| Filter size: 77mm| Dimensions: 88.0mm x 200.0mm |  Weight: 140g

The Sony 70-200mm f4, a good compromise between speed and quality

Sony took a little while to release telephoto lenses for their full frame mirrorless cameras, and as a result, the choices are limited at the moment. If you want the biggest and the best, the Sony FE 70-200mm f2.8 G Master is superb, albeit with a hefty price tag.

Who is it for? Sony E Mount / Micro Four Thirds camera owners

The smaller and lighter Sony FE 70-200mm f4 G OSS is cheaper, at $1498. Alternatively, you could go for longer but slower Sony FE 70-300mm f4.5-5.6 G OSS for a little less ($1198). For landscape work, I would personally plump for the 70-200mm f4, for a balance of reach, weight, cost, and speed of aperture. 


How to Choose the Best Lens for Landscape Photography?

Weight of the lens, angle of view, price, and image quality are all important factors when choosing a landscape lens.

If you are shooting with a tripod at all times, you probably shouldn’t pay for image stabilization.

Same goes for lens speed. If you are always at f/8 or higher, you probably shouldn’t pay for the f/2.8.

Let’s dig deeper…

The weight of the Lens

Landscape photography usually involves hiking long distances and carrying a tripod. In such circumstances, carrying a heavy lens can be exhausting. For example, Canon’s 70-200mm F/2.8 lens weights 1.3Kgs whereas the F/4 version only weights 760g. Do you really need the speed of F/2.8 for landscape shots? Find out in the next section.

Related Article: Best Travel Tripods

A photo of a light mirrorless camera with lens attached
Traveling light is an important factor especially if you do not enjoy carrying too much weight. Photo by Kenny Luo

Lens Speed

Photographers often get hung up on having the ‘fastest’ lens for ultimate image quality. A large aperture (small f-number) can be really useful if you’re shooting portraits, where smooth backgrounds are desirable. However, in landscape photography, this is rarely important.

Most landscape photographers are more concerned with maximizing their depth of field, ensuring as much of the scene as possible is sharply in focus. To do this, you’ll need an aperture of f8 or f11, something that any lens is capable of.

Remember, fast lenses are not only more expensive but heavier too. The less weight you have to carry, the longer you are likely to continue shooting, so super-fast lenses simply don’t need to be a priority. Slower lenses are generally also cheaper, so there’s a cost saving too!

A landscape photo of a beautiful sunset overlooking a lake and mountains
Using a small aperture helps maximize depth of field, so super-fast lenses aren’t vital. Photo by Mark Harpur

Focal Length

What Is the Best Focal Length for Landscape Photography?

Ask this question of any landscape photographer and they’ll almost certainly say you need a wide angle zoom lens.

At one level they are absolutely right, although there are other possibilities too. Let’s look at the options…

Wide Angle Lenses

A wide angle lens can cover anything from 7 to 35m, depending on the camera system you’re shooting with. These can be invaluable for cramming as much of the scene as possible into your photo.

However, if you simply shoot a fabulous view with a wide lens you’ll probably end up with an underwhelming image. A wide-angle lens makes distant objects look even further away than they do to the naked eye.

What’s the solution to this?

Put simply – get closer, much closer! Most wide angle lenses have a short minimum focus distance. Choose an object to place in the foreground of your image and get really close to it.

This gives the viewer something to latch onto and lead them into the picture.

A close up of the front glass of Sigma 10-20mm lens
This Sigma 10-20mm lens is one of the best lenses for landscape photography I’ve ever tried. Photo by Helen Hooker

Telephoto Lenses

Longer lenses are often overlooked by landscape photographers, but they can produce some wonderful results.

While a wide-angle lens can capture a whole vista, a moderate telephoto lens (in the 70-200mm range) can let you zoom in on details within the landscape, bringing subjects close to you.

Wide angle lenses make elements in the scene seem further apart, but a long zoom lens will bring them closer together (compression). a great way to introduce a sense of layering in your photos.

Some of the best lenses for landscape photography are wide angle lenses. A photo showing a zoomed in landscape photo of a viaduct
Shooting at an equivalent of 320mm allowed me to pick out the viaduct in the landscape. Photo by Helen Hooker

Crop-factor

The focal length is a measure of the distance between the lens and sensor when the subject is in sharp focus.

In the days of film photography, focal lengths were very simple to understand, as everything was based around the 35mm sensor format.

With the advent of digital cameras, smaller sensors, such as APS-C and Micro Four Thirds were made popular. These cropped sensors yield different ‘effective focal length’. The smaller the sensor, the greater the effect this has.

When you’re considering the effective focal length of lenses on crop sensor cameras, you should multiply the focal length by 1.5x for Nikon and Fuji, 1.6x for Canon and 2x for Micro Four Thirds.

This means that a 100mm lens on a full-frame camera will give the appearance of 100mm x 1.6 = 160mm on a Canon APS-C camera.

The 15mm on this Micro Four Thirds camera gives an effective focal length of 30mm. Photo by Helen Hooker

Summing up…

Having the right lenses will undoubtedly give you a head start in landscape photography. If you’d like to learn more about landscape photography, we’ve recently published an in-depth landscape photography guide. It explains how you can take stunning landscape photographs.

We would love to see your landscape photos. please share them along with lens info on the comments below. Happy shooting!

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