by Shruti July. 24, 2010 4840 views

It is generally accepted that Sultan Sikandar Lodī, the Ruler of the Delhi Sultanate founded Agra in the year 1504. After the Sultan's death the city passed on to his son Sultan Ibrāhīm Lodī. He ruled his Sultanate from Agra until he fell fighting to Bābar in the First battle of Panipat fought in 1526.

In the year 1556, the great Hindu warrior Hemu Vikramaditya, also known as Samrat Hem Chander Vikramaditya, won Agra as the Prime Minister cum Chief of Army of Adil Shah of the Afghan Sūrī Dynasty. The commander of Humāyūn / Akbar's forces in Agra, Tardi Beg Khan, was so scared of Hemu that he retreated from the city without a fight. This was Hemu's 21st continuous win since 1554, and he later went on to conquer Delhi, having his coronation at Purānā Qil'a in Delhi on 7 October 1556 and re-established the Hindu Kingdom and the Vikramaditya Dynasty in North India.

The golden age of the city began with the Mughals. It was known then as Akbarabād and remained the capital of the Mughal Empire under the Emperors Akbar, Jahāngīr and Shāh Jahān. Shāh Jahān later shifted his capital to Shāhjahānabād in the year 1649.

Since Akbarabād was one of the most important cities in India under the Mughals, it witnessed a lot of building activity. Babar, the founder of the Mughal dynasty, laid out the first formal Persian garden on the banks of river Yamuna. The garden is called the Arām Bāgh or the Garden of Relaxation. His grandson Akbar raised the towering ramparts of the Great Red Fort, besides making Agra a center for learning, arts, commerce and religion. Akbar also built a new city on the outskirts of Akbarabād called Fatehpūr Sikrī. This city was built in the form of a Mughal military camp in stone.

His son Jahāngīr had a love of gardens and flora and fauna and laid many gardens inside the Red Fort or Lāl Qil'a. Shāh Jahān, known for his keen interest in architecture, gave Akbarabād its most prized monument, the Tāj Mahal. Built in loving memory of his wife Mumtāz Mahal, the mausoleum was completed in 1653.

Shāh Jahān later shifted the capital to Delhi during his reign, but his son Aurangzeb moved the capital back to Akbarabād, usurping his father and imprisoning him in the Fort there. Akbarabād remained the capital of India during the rule of Aurangzeb until he shifted it to Aurangabad in the Deccan in 1653. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the city came under the influence of Marathas and Jats and was called Agra, before falling into the hands of the British Raj in 1803.
Agra, Main Street, c.1858

In 1835 when the Presidency of Agra was established by the British, the city became the seat of government, and just two year later it was the witness to the Agra famine of 1837–38. During the Indian rebellion of 1857 British rule across India was threatened, news of the rebellion had reached Agra on 11 May and on 30 May two companies of native infantry, the 44th and 67th regiments, rebelled and marched to Delhi. The next morning native Indian troops in Agra were forced to disarm, on 15 June Gwalior (which lies south of Agra) rebelled. By 3 July the British were forced to withdraw into the fort. Two days later a small British force at Sucheta were defeated and forced to withdraw, this led to a mob sacking the city. However, the rebels moved onto Delhi which allowed the British to restore order by 8 July. Delhi fell to the British in September, the following month rebels who had fled Delhi along with rebels from Central India marched on Agra - but were defeated. After this British rule was again secured over the city until the independence of India in 1947.

Agra is the birth place of the religion known as Dīn-i Ilāhī, which flourished during the reign of Akbar and also of the Radhaswami Faith, which has around two million followers worldwide.

Tāj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpūr Sikrī, all three of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

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There are 21 comments, add yours!
Krishnakumar 5 years, 4 months ago

amazing set!!..# 3 is my much strong character it holds that it reminds you the history and its strong presence in the present. Kudos to you!!

5 years, 4 months ago Edited
Camille 5 years, 12 months ago

superb !

5 years, 12 months ago Edited
Daniel C 6 years, 5 months ago

love the last

6 years, 5 months ago Edited
Davide Paolucci 6 years, 6 months ago

Very good...
i like 3 and 5!

6 years, 6 months ago Edited
Nayade 6 years, 7 months ago

Amazing set, love #5 :)

6 years, 7 months ago Edited
David Cardona 6 years, 8 months ago


6 years, 8 months ago Edited
Pandka 6 years, 8 months ago

Great, especially 3#!

6 years, 8 months ago Edited
David 6 years, 9 months ago

The two and the third are among the best ever that I have seen.

6 years, 9 months ago Edited
Clickpen 6 years, 9 months ago

Un gran trabajo, magnificas fotografias.
A great job, superb photographs.

6 years, 9 months ago Edited
Nathalie Delmas 6 years, 9 months ago


6 years, 9 months ago Edited
Masoud Ahmadpoor 6 years, 9 months ago

Great shadow!

6 years, 9 months ago Edited
Fali 6 years, 9 months ago

i am headed there- soon!

6 years, 9 months ago Edited
Alexander 6 years, 10 months ago

amazing photos!!!

I had long time to see something like this in photoblog!


6 years, 10 months ago Edited
Poko 6 years, 10 months ago


6 years, 10 months ago Edited
Jothindra Paranji 6 years, 10 months ago

The first and the last one is very good. I wish you had named the buildings.

6 years, 10 months ago Edited
Jennye 6 years, 10 months ago

Beautiful shots! I love the last one!

6 years, 10 months ago Edited
Tom 6 years, 10 months ago

Oh yea nice capture on the last one well done

6 years, 10 months ago Edited
Mryum 6 years, 10 months ago

WOW, wonderful !!

6 years, 10 months ago Edited
Walter 6 years, 10 months ago

Amazing shots! :-)

6 years, 10 months ago Edited
Jumiella 6 years, 10 months ago

Wonderful shots again, dear friend! So beautiful architecture!

6 years, 10 months ago Edited
Péter Somogyvári 6 years, 10 months ago

Wonderful shots!

6 years, 10 months ago Edited