Compostion and Lenses

by Natasha Osborne October. 29, 2017 860 views

In today's session we were working on how we can manipulate and arrange elements in the overall photograph to present a story to the viewer. The aim of this is to achieve an image that will draw the audience in, and tell them a story. It can then be interpreted differently by each person who sees it.

There are three key elements to this editing process;

  • Composition through Cropping
  • Composition through positioning and arrangement
  • Lenses

Cropping allows you to edit the image so that you can alter the focus of the image from the original shot using photoshop. An example of this is the Golden Ratio where the image can be altered so that the focus is placed in a specific place, generally in a spiral formation.

The Golden Spiral

The Golden Spiral

The above image shows how the natural curve of the image spirals around to the main focus of the image, which in this case would be the girls face. This spiral can go on for a long time, depending on the photograph.

We went out to go and take photographs of different images following the brief we had been given. The image below is an example of an image symmetry, with the three arches and the brickwork.

An example of symmetry.

An example of symmetry.

The next image is of a leading line, as the end cannot be seen, as it has purposefully not been captured by the photographer. Instead it has been left to the audience's imagination. I particularly like this image because of the different texture of brickwork of the path, the surrounding brick, and the colours of the building in the background.

Leading Lines.

Leading Lines.

This image is of the Vijay Patel Building on the De Montfort University Campus. It is an extreme close up shot of the buildings window frame. It is also an example of the rule of thirds. This is where the image has been broken into thirds, generally nine sections with the intention of drawing attention to certain aspects of the photograph to the audience.

The Vijay Patel Building- Rule of Thirds

The Vijay Patel Building- Rule of Thirds

This image shows the process of editing the Image firstly cropping it to size using the rule of thirds tool, making sure that the models face is the centre of the image, so that it is ready for the next tool the golden spiral. This is

Using Photoshop, Cropping using Rule of Thirds

Using Photoshop, Cropping using Rule of Thirds

Using the Golden Spiral Tool to crop the image.

Using the Golden Spiral Tool to crop the image.

The cropped image with the Golden Spiral Tool.

The cropped image with the Golden Spiral Tool.

The Golden Spiral Tool is used generally in portrait photos so that the subject is drawn into the focus of the photograph, generally the eyes. Depending on the photo, Aaliyah above is not looking directly at the photo. However due to the way that the image has been cropped her eyes are still the focus of the image.

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