Wounded Amazon on a horseback

by Mikkal Noptek March. 18, 2011 11079 views

Wounded Amazon on a horseback
2nd century AD copy of a Greek original of the 2nd century BC
The Amazons are a nation of all-female warriors in Classical antiquity and Greek mythology. Herodotus placed them in a region bordering Scythia in Sarmatia (modern territory of Ukraine). Other historiographers place them in Asia Minor, Libya or India.
Notable queens of the Amazons are Penthesilea, who participated in the Trojan War, and her sister Hippolyte, whose magical girdle, given to her by her father Ares, was the object of one of the labours of Hercules. Amazonian raiders were often depicted in battle with Greek warriors in amazonomachies in classical art.
The Amazons have become associated with various historical peoples throughout the Roman Empire period and Late Antiquity. In Roman historiography, there are various accounts of Amazon raids in Asia Minor. From the Early Modern period, their name has become a term for woman warriors in general.
In some versions of the myth, no men were permitted to have sexual encounters or reside in Amazon country; but once a year, in order to prevent their race from dying out, they visited the Gargareans, a neighbouring tribe. The male children who were the result of these visits were either killed, sent back to their fathers or exposed in the wilderness to fend for themselves; the females were kept and brought up by their mothers, and trained in agricultural pursuits, hunting, and the art of war. In other versions when the Amazons went to war they would not kill all the men. Some they would take as slaves, and once or twice a year they would have sex with their slaves.
In the Iliad, the Amazons were referred to as Antianeirai (“those who fight like men”).
The Amazons appear in Greek art of the Archaic period and in connection with several Greek legends. They invaded Lycia, but were defeated by Bellerophon, who was sent against them by Iobates, the king of that country, in the hope that he might meet his death at their hands. The tomb of Myrine is mentioned in the Iliad; later interpretation made of her an Amazon: according to Diodorus, Queen Myrine led her Amazons to victory against Libya and much of Gorgon.
They attacked the Phrygians, who were assisted by Priam, then a young man. Although in his later years, towards the end of the Trojan War, his old opponents took his side again against the Greeks under their queen Penthesilea “of Thracian birth”, who was slain by Achilles.
One of the tasks imposed upon Heracles by Eurystheus was to obtain possession of the girdle of the Amazonian queen Hippolyta. He was accompanied by his friend Theseus, who carried off the princess Antiope, sister of Hippolyte, an incident which led to a retaliatory invasion of Attica, in which Antiope perished fighting by the side of Theseus. In some versions, however, Theseus marries Hippolyta and in others, he marries Antiope and she does not die; by this marriage with the Amazon Theseus had a son Hippolytus. The battle between the Athenians and Amazons is often commemorated in an entire genre of art, amazonomachy, in marble bas-reliefs such as from the Parthenon or the sculptures of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus.
The Amazons are also said to have undertaken an expedition against the island of Leuke, at the mouth of the Danube, where the ashes of Achilles had been deposited by Thetis. The ghost of the dead hero appeared and so terrified the horses, that they threw and trampled upon the invaders, who were forced to retire. Pompey is said to have found them in the army of Mithridates.
They are heard of in the time of Alexander, when some of the king's biographers make mention of Amazon Queen Thalestris visiting him and becoming a mother by him (the story is known from the Alexander Romance). However, several other biographers of Alexander dispute the claim, including the highly regarded secondary source, Plutarch. In his writing he makes mention of a moment when Alexander's secondary naval commander, Onesicritus, was reading the Amazon passage of his Alexander history to King Lysimachus of Thrace who was on the original expedition: the king smiled at him and said “And where was I, then?”
The Roman writer Virgil's characterization of the Volscian warrior maiden Camilla in the Aeneid borrows heavily from the myth of the Amazons.

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There are 8 comments , add yours!
Sundance11 9 years, 11 months ago

Beautiful. I think the light is cast perfecly to highlight the best features.

9 years, 11 months ago Edited
Finbarr 9 years, 11 months ago

Excelent post !!

9 years, 11 months ago Edited
Dzmitry Samakhvalau 9 years, 11 months ago

very good set

9 years, 11 months ago Edited
Eric J H Joyce 9 years, 11 months ago

Great set.

9 years, 11 months ago Edited
Yulia 9 years, 11 months ago

Super set! Thank you for sharing with us!

9 years, 11 months ago Edited
Sadhya Rippon 9 years, 11 months ago

I love those Amazon women.
Fantastic sculpture. Hard to believe its age.
Wonderful post Mikkal.

9 years, 11 months ago Edited
Josy 9 years, 11 months ago

L'éthymologie du mot fait des ces guerrières des femmes sans sein (ou pour le moins avec un sein manquant afin de pouvoir mieux caler leur arc).
Ont-elles seulement jamais existé ?
En tout cas votre dernière photo est, pour moi, la plus intéressante

9 years, 11 months ago Edited
Matt Mckenna 9 years, 11 months ago

Great pictures, good close up work, great information, very well done

9 years, 11 months ago Edited
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