In 1961, when the Canon 7 was introduced, its revolutionary new standard lens.

by John Waco Jr February. 27, 2019 150 views
In 1961, when the Canon 7 was introduced, its revolutionary new standard lens

In 1961, when the Canon 7 was introduced, its revolutionary new standard lens

In 1961, when the Canon 7 was introduced, its revolutionary new standard lens

In 1961, when the Canon 7 was introduced, its revolutionary new standard lens

The ultimate interchangeable-lens rangefinder Canons in terms of overall quality of construction, finish, and heft, are the lever-wind VI-L and the trigger-wind VI-T which have a three-position range/viewfinder showing the fields of 35mm and 50mm lenses, a 1.5X setting for critical focusing, auto-parallax adjustment of shoe-mounted finders (!), and a coated stainless steel focal-plane shutter with speeds from 1-1/1000 sec plus T and B. However, my personal favorite user-collectible rangefinder Canon is the very last screw-mount rangefinder Canon, the 7s, which has the same shutter, a built-in coupled CdS meter (alas, with ISO settings only up to 400), a beautiful 0.8X viewfinder with selectable, labeled, parallax-compensating pairs of frame lines for 35/50mm, 85/100mm, and one for 135mm lenses, and an outer bayonet for mounting the groundbreaking 50mm f/0.95 Canon lens shown on our example. The 7s is most often found with 50mm f/1.8, 50mm f/1.4 or 50mm f/1.2 Canon lens, and the very last 7s models (commonly designated as 7sZ) have a larger rewind crank and a rangefinder adjustment screw located in a different position. A clean, functional 7s with the excellent 50mm f/1.8 Canon lens currently runs about $400-600, more with 50mm f/1.4, and over $4,000 with the collector’s heartthrob 50mm f/0.95

In 1961, when the Canon 7 was introduced, its revolutionary new standard lens was advertised as being four times brighter than the human eye. How such a thing could be measured is somewhat questionable, but what is undoubtedly true is that the lens was a lot bigger, and with a much wider aperture, than had hitherto been seen on a 35mm camera.

This was the now legendary 50mm f/0.95, a bunch of optics that became known as the Canon Dream Lens. It was a huge chunk of glass whose lens cap had a diameter of 75mm and, at a time when most rangefinder camera standard lenses had filter threads of perhaps 40-50mm, this one boasted a whopping 72mm.

The camera was the first from Canon with a built-in meter coupled to the shutter control. The meter was a selenium type, whose larger than usual cell took up the best part of half the width of the body. There was a 10-second delayed action control and flash photography was covered by FP- and MX-type sockets.

Pressing a small stud on the back of the camera allowed the film speed, of between 6 and 400 ISO, to be set in a window contained in the shutter speed dial. As the dial was then rotated to choose the required speed, so an aperture scale in a window on the top plate moved in tandem. A needle in the window, powered by the selenium cell, moved across the scale, and the indicated aperture was set manually on the lens. There were two color-coded scales: orange for high-sensitivity light values of 6-13, white for low-light values of 12-19. The meter's sensitivity was changed by a tiny knob on the back of the body.

One way around that problem was to fit a separate Canon 50mm viewfinder, which incorporated a parallax adjustment, but that idea was hampered by the fact that the camera had no accessory shoe. To get around that little difficulty photographers had to buy the special Canon Accessory Coupler, which fit to the top plate and added an accessory shoe to the camera.

The viewfinder cutoff was not apparent when using lenses other than the Dream Lens. For these, viewfinder frames could be selected by turning a selector knob in the top plate for 35mm or 85mm and 100mm, the last two appearing together.

Depth of field from the Dream Lens at its larger apertures was obviously shallower than usual. In fact, the scale around the lens had only one designation for f/0.95, rather than the usual two on each side of the focus point, and when using that aperture depth of field at 10 ft. was no more than 2".

Canon 7

Canon 7

Canon 7

Canon 7

Canon 7

Canon 7

Canon 7s

Canon 7s

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