My last post didn't show a typical building, but a "witch hut", which I like. Today I want to post a picture of an old building in Drassmarkt, which I photographed during one of my excursions with my father. The house is situated right beside the church. It has almost the typical form of a "Streckhof" (pl.: Streckhöfe), although the property is a square instead of a narrow rectangle. The roof of the barn is in a poor condition, the house itself is deserted. The windows are without glass, the small porch is not well maintained anymore. I hope someone will renovate it soon, because in a year it will be beyond repair.
The typical architecture in the eastern part of Austria and in Hungary is called “Streckhof”. The building and the court have an elongated shape. The narrow and long structure is limited by the next Streckhof as well, because the wall without windows of the neighbor building closes the court on the other side. The street front of the building is often small with a gate at one side. The entrance into the house is not from the street but from the court - often almost in the middle of the long building. Sometimes arcades form a narrow portico alongside the house. The door opens into the kitchen. From the kitchen two doors lead to the small chambers on the left and right. The living room is oriented towards the street. The stables and workrooms or wine cellar complete the building. The barn is situated at the far end of the property and sometimes it will also close the court.
Only few of the larger and most of the time the younger houses were built from solid bricks. A lot of the old farmhouses were built with mudbricks. Whitewash was used inside and out of the buildings. For these houses whitewash is the best preservation.
I remember an Easter holiday spent in Burgenland. During the Easter week I saw an old woman wearing the traditional black costume who used whitewash for the exterior of the house. The houses are not so large, so she didn’t need a ladder: just a broom, a bucket with whitewash and a chair. At the end she mixed some ash with the remaining whitewash and used it to paint the 50 cm high foundation of the wall. A very clean effect: a harsh white above and a grey-bluish base. It was an easy way to renovate the house. Some houses back in the late 1960s and early 1970s still had a thatched roof. When the inhabitants began to work with other materials, the houses developed mold and a lot of them rot away very fast. Even today it's complicated to renovate such buildings.