Aperture & Shutter Speed Test

by Tarryn Goodhall October. 21, 2018 126 views
Brightly lit Portraits

Brightly lit Portraits

To create this brightly light portrait, I set the camera (Canon EOS 700D) to Manual mode, as this meant that i would be able to control both the shutter priority as well as the aperture when taking the photo.

For this, I set the shutter speed at 1/4, so that as much light would be let in without the light overpowering the face and details of the characters face.

For the aperture, I set this at f/5.6 so that the lens would be a medium size to balance out the fast shutter speed. This aperture also shows that whilst the whole person is in focus, the background/ walls are not.

Sightly dim portrait

Sightly dim portrait

In order to create this slightly dim portrait outcome, i continued using the camera in Manual mode.

However, I changed the shutter speed to 1/200, as this would lower the amount of light the camera would be able to capture to make it dimmer than the brightly lit portrait.

I also changed the aperture to f/8.0 as this would make the lens senses even smaller than before and therefore let in less light.

Very dim portrait

Very dim portrait

To create this, I changed the setting of the camera to TV so that i could largely focus on the shutter speed as a means of making the image come out much darker than before.

Here is set the shutter speed at 1/1000 so that most of the background and the characters face is hidden in darkness, and leaving only small areas of light on the forehead and side of the nose.

I am very happy with this final outcome, because of how the play on shutter speed as well as the natural light in the room have combined to create a mysterious and intense portrait when this was not my initial intention.

A person walking - Bright

A person walking - Bright

I created this using the Manual mode so that I could increase both the shutter speed and aperture to my own liking.

I set the shutter speed to 1/40, this was due to the fact that it allowed me to see the person walking towards me a lot clearly but also as a result of the natural light that was already present within the room.

I also set the aperture at the smaller setting of f/4 as some of the previous results had come out a little dimmer than what I was originally going for.

Person walking - dim lighting

Person walking - dim lighting

For this particular outcome I used the TV mode because when I tried the manual i was very unsure about what aperture to set that would make the image not too light or dark - balanced.

For the shutter speed i set the camera to 1/1000, which at first seemed too slow, however, the lighting worked out to my exact liking.

In addition, where the foot in the picture before showed the foot moving as the person took a step, the faster shutter speed has stilled both the feet within this image.

A person Walking - dark lighting

A person Walking - dark lighting

Like the last outcome I used TV mode so that i could focus on the shutter speed as well as to help set the most appropriate aperture.

I used 1/1600 shutter speed, the slowness helped make the outcome darker. My only problem with the image is that that it its slightly too dark as it is much harder to see the whole figure properly, however, when I also tried a speed down (1/1250) it was lighter than i wanted it to be.

Apple on the table from 1m away

Apple on the table from 1m away

Apple on the Table from 30cm away

Apple on the Table from 30cm away

For these two images I used the Manual mode - which i have found i like doing when creating light and bright images as I can control how strong i want the light to be rather than let the camera decide.

The shutter speed I used to create these are 1/100 which was on the lower side of the medium spectrum. I feel this helps capture the natural light that was apparent in the room.

For the aperture I wanted the lens to be average as well so I made it f/5.0 I like the brightness of these images and how well the brightness of the red apple contrasts from the bland backgrounds.

Apple of the table 2m away

Apple of the table 2m away

For these photos of the Apple on the table from three different distances away, I again used Manual mode settings as this helped me to compensate for the lower natural lighting in the room already.

To show less light in the picture, I used a slower shutter speed of 1/80 and then added with the aperture made the picture darker.

For the aperture, I used f/11 as this meant the lens of the camera would be smaller and therefore the lens would not capture as much light.

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